A Thermal Storage for Solar and Conventional Power Plants
by Dr. Reuel Shinnar
by Dr. Robert Engel
Modular, High-efficiency, Energy Storage System For Industrial Power Plants
- Increase capacity of existing installations
- Increase operating efficiency
- Decrease energy cost
- Produce dispatchable energy
- Provide load-following capability
- Jobs: factory produces modular system; ship on truck flatbed; field assembly
- New: Large-scale, 24/7 power, Solar power plants, not need extra turbine
- New: Solar MicroPower Plant for remote installation (uses one 50MW module)
- Existing large-scale power plants (gas/coal/nuclear), produce extra power with addition of second turbine while still using installed boiler system
- Energy independence and reduced CO2 emissions
- Solar Power Plant.
- The storage can be adapted to any existing Concentrating Solar Power Plants or to any design in the development stage.
- With this storage, the required storage size is 3.5 times smaller for the same amount of output; or 20-35% more electricity could be produced for the same number of collectors. Cost can be reduced at least 25% compared to other present storage.
- Conventional Fuel Power Plant
- The storage can be adapted to most conventional power plants, such as coal-fired and gas power plants.
- Instead of building new power plants, this invention could add 50% more capacity to the power plants by additional storage and extra turbine. The facility is fully utilized with less CO2 emission.
- Gasification Power Plant
- The storage can be adapted to Combined Cycle Power Plant (CCPP), Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC), Combined Cycle Gas Turbine (CCGT) plant, or any plants with a gas turbine generator.
- With high efficiency and high turn down ratio, the storage greatly boosts the capacity of the power plant, as well as much cheaper initial investment and energy cost.
- Nuclear Power Plant
- This invention provides for a system and method for equipping specific types of nuclear power plants with low cost storage that has a very high thermal efficiency. Nuclear reactors will be able to operate cost-effectively at maximum capacity and will be able to compete with conventional fossil fueled power plants in their responsiveness to load changes over a wide range.
Antimicrobial Working Surfaces on Solid Objects and Fabrics
Leading inventor: Robert Engel
CLINICAL ISSUE / UNMET NEED
The heavy use of antibiotics has led to treatment-resistant bacterial strains, such as Methacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB) (see NYT 2/27/10, B1). Bacterial infections have become increasingly virulent not only in healthcare facilities, but in general activity. Bioterrorism threat exacerbates the problem.
PRODUCT / SOLUTION
We have developed novel antimicrobial materials derived from quaternary ammonium salts ("quats"), with associated proprietary processes for applying and embedding these quats in working surfaces of equipment, devices, and fabrics. By rendering the surfaces themselves antibacterial, our solution creates a durable and effective antimicrobial environment for medical ang general use. These quats are broad-spectrum, non-toxic, non-metabolic, and non-specific, with low potential for resistant mutation.
This technology is effective against a wide variety of dangerous gram positive and negative bacterial species: includes the MSRA and likely MDRAB "Iraqibacter" species, Pseudomonas seruginosa, C. difficile, E. coli, and Salmonella. It is also effective against mildew and yeast, such as black mold, Candida albicans, ringworm, and Athlete's foot; and effective against Bacillus anthracis spores (Anthrax). Other advantages include promising antiviral activity. It is also metal-free, low cost, and environmentally benign.
We have successfully modified various types of surfaces, including fabrics (natural and synthetic, such as cotton, silk, wool, polyester, and blends with nylon), plastics (e.g. PVC blends), glass, wood (replacing pressure-treated wood for construction purposes, also to repel termites), and paints (latex finishes for wide variety of surfaces, including metals).
Electrical Stimulation Device for Motor Function Recovery (Including Spinal Cord Injury)
Leading inventor: Zaghloul Ahmed
CLINICAL ISSUE / UNMET NEED
Millions of people are suffering from paraplegic or quadriplegic paralysis following neuromuscular damages such as spinal cord injury. Despite many treatment strategies designed to improve neuronal connections across the damaged spinal cord, the functional recovery of the impaired spinal cord is still unsatisfactory. One of the most frequently used methods in rehabilitation is electrical stimulation applied usually at one end of neuronal or muscular tissue. In spite of wide use, the rate of success of this method is very limited.
PRODUCT / SOLUTION
We have developed a system and method to treat paralysis resulting from neuromuscular damages. A dipole, two-point stimulation allows pulses, applied in the form of direct current, to pass the whole motor pathway regardless of the extent of injury and number of spared neurons.
The system and methods can be employed to strengthen or awaken any weak or dormant pathway in the nervous system. Thus, the technology has the potential to become an effective new treatment not only for spinal cord injury, but also for any pathology of the movement related to stroke, multiple sclerosis, and other neuromuscular conditions.
In preliminary trials, the treatment dramatically improved functional recovery of the motor pathway in injured animals and human (cerebral palsy) patients.