Health in America
Health in America
Health in America

Acknowledgments

The concept and development of the 2011 "Health in America" calendar and Web site have been guided by CUNY Senior Vice Chancellor for University Relations and Secretary of the Board of Trustees Jay Hershenson and LaGuardia Community College President Gail O. Mellow and Interim President Peter Katopes (during President Mellow's current academic leave). Their vision has been realized by Richard K. Lieberman, Director of the LaGuardia and Wagner Archives and Professor of History at LaGuardia Community College, and his colleagues at the Archives - Associate Project Directors Steven A. Levine and Stephen Weinstein, and Assistant Project Director Tara Jean Hickman. The project has received valuable input from some of the finest University scholars, whose participation underscores the integrity of the content. The calendar's one-of-a-kind images, historical documents, and period material were sourced from both the LaGuardia and Wagner Archives and The New York Times photo archives.

For more than 30 years, the LaGuardia and Wagner Archives has produced exemplary calendars and lesson plans on a variety of subjects, including the history of the New York City Council and the origins of public housing. For the past seven of those years, the Archives has produced the CUNY/New York Times in College calendar projects, consisting of printed calendars, Web sites and curricula focused on the following topics: Voting Rights and Citizenship, Women's Leadership, A Nation of Immigrants, City Life, Let Freedom Ring and Investing in Futures: Public Higher Education in America.

The commitment of the calendar's sponsors has been particularly important. CUNY offers special thanks to JPMorgan Chase Chairman and C.E.O. Jamie Dimon, President Kimberly Davis of the JPMorgan Chase Foundation, Senior Vice Presidents Leonard Colica, Michael Nevins and Timothy G. Noble, and Vice President Kim Jasmin. We wish to welcome and thank C.E.O. and President Mark Wagar of Empire BlueCross and BlueShield for his support of the 2011 "Health in America" calendar and Web site. CUNY is also working closely with President George Gresham of 1199 S.E.I.U. United Health Care Workers East.

We are deeply appreciative of our ongoing partnership with our esteemed colleagues at The New York Times in College for making the calendar widely accessible, facilitating the curricular elements, and providing access and publication rights to The New York Times archival photos. With the help of The New York Times in College, on-line at www.nytimes.com/edu, CUNY is collaborating with faculty, administrators and students in states nationwide. In particular, we want to acknowledge and thank these Times colleagues: Felice Nudelman, Executive Director, Education; A. Craig Dunn, Partnership Director, Education; Stephanie Doba, Newspaper in Education Manager; and Diane McNulty, Executive Director, Corporate Communications.

Thanks are also due to New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg, Council Speaker Christine Quinn and Queens Borough President Helen Marshall. Their historic support and funding of the LaGuardia and Wagner Archives and its calendars and curricula have helped the Archives to preserve history and make it available and accessible to the public.

 

SENIOR PROJECT DIRECTOR
Jay Hershenson
Senior Vice Chancellor for University Relations and Secretary of the Board of Trustees, CUNY

PROJECT ADVISORS

Peter Katopes
Interim President, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Gail O. Mellow
President (currently on leave) LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

PROJECT DIRECTOR
Richard K. Lieberman
Director of the LaGuardia and Wagner Archives and Professor of History,
LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

ASSOCIATE PROJECT DIRECTORS

Steven A. Levine
Coordinator for Educational Programs, LaGuardia and Wagner Archives,
LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Stephen Weinstein
Assistant to the Director, LaGuardia and Wagner Archives,
LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

ASSISTANT PROJECT DIRECTOR
Tara Jean Hickman
Educational Associate, LaGuardia and Wagner Archives,
LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

ADMINISTRATION
Eduvina Estrella, Assistant to the Director, LaGuardia and Wagner Archives,
LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

WEB DESIGN
Livia Nieves, Web Designer, CUNY

CALENDAR DESIGN

Sandy Chase, Fluid Film

Abigail Sturges, Sturges Design

EDITOR
Joe Margolis
College Assistant, LaGuardia and Wagner Archives,
LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

LAGUARDIA AND WAGNER ARCHIVES STAFF

Casey Babcock
Soraya Ciego-Lemur
Douglas Di Carlo
Liesl Gardner
Oleg Kleban
Thurain Nyunt
Juan Rodriguez

CONSULTING SCHOLARS

Carol Groneman
Professor Emerita, John Jay College and The Graduate Center, CUNY

Gerald Markowitz
Distinguished Professor, John Jay College and The Graduate Center, CUNY

David K. Rosner
Ronald H. Lauterstein Professor of Sociomedical Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, and Professor of History, Columbia University

Consulting Archivist
Barbara Niss, Mount Sinai Archives

Special Thanks

Paul Arcario
Interim Vice President for Academic Affairs, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Keisha-Gaye Anderson
Associate Director of Media Relations and Publications, Lehman College, CUNY

Michael Arena
University Director of Communications and Marketing, Office of University Relations, CUNY

Dehlia Bauer
Archive Coordinator, Office of Marketing and Communications, CUNY

André Beckles
Photographer/Production Coordinator, University Relations, CUNY

Felisa Bienstock
Business Office/Purchasing, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Cindy Busch
Media Analyst, Office of Marketing and Communications, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Kim Buxton
Office of University Relations, CUNY

Wellington Z. Chen
Member, CUNY Board of Trustees

James Colgrove
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University

Theresa Desmond
Special Assistant to the Chancellor and Senior Writer, CUNY

Stephanie Doba
Newspaper in Education Manager, The New York Times Knowledge Network

Allan Dobrin
Executive Vice Chancellor and Chief Operating Officer, CUNY

Howard Cohen
Communications and Marketing, Hunter College, CUNY

Phyllis Collazzo
Permissions, The New York Times

Michael Delaney
Visiting Nurse Service of New York

A. Craig Dunn
Partnership Director, Education, The New York Times

William Ebenstein
University Dean for Health and Human Services, Executive Director, John F. Kennedy, Jr. Institute for Worker Education, CUNY

Robert Edelstein
Marketing, The New York Times

Richard Elliott
Vice President for Administration, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Randy Fader-Smith
Marketing and Communications Office, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Joe Fodor
Associate Director of Research, Brooklyn College Foundation

Sharon Forde
Office of University Relations, CUNY

Chris Godek
John Jay College, CUNY

Patricia Gray
Director of Corporate Relations and Special Events, Office of University Relations, CUNY

Ruth Griggs
Director of Marketing, Queensborough Community College, CUNY

Meredith Halpern
Executive Director of Communications and Marketing, Hunter College, CUNY

Bert Hansen
Department of History, Baruch Collge, CUNY

Ana María Hernández
Education & Language Acquisition Department, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Thomas Hladek
Executive Director of Finance and Business, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Bruce Hoffacker
Executive Associate to the Vice-President for Academic Affairs, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Christopher Hundley
Director of Communications and Media Relations, Medgar Evers College, CUNY

Robert Isaacson
Executive Director, CUNY-TV

Luz Jimenez
Special Assistant to the Vice Chancellor for Research, CUNY

Matthew Kelly
student, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University.

Jerylle M. Kemp
Director of Alumni Relations, John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY

Beth Kneller
Deputy Director, CUNY Baccalaureate for Unique and Interdisciplinary Studies, CUNY

John Kotowski
Director of City Relations, Office of University Relations, CUNY

Jeffrey Kroessler
John Jay College of Criminal Justice, CUNY

Sally Kweskin
Public Relations Director, Empire BlueCross BlueShield

Therese M. LeMelle
Director of Communications and Marketing, Bronx Community College, CUNY

Barron Lerner
Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University

Janet Lieberman
Professor Emerita, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Samuel Lieberman
student, SUNY Purchase

Susan Lyddon
Drector of Marketing and Communications, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Jennifer Lynch
Associate Director of Alumni Affairs, College of Staten Island, CUNY

Marie Mamouzette
Community Relations, Empire Blue Cross Blue Shield

Yue Ma
Museum of Chinese in America

Mail Center Staff
LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

David Manning
Director of Media Relations and Marketing, The Graduate School and University Center, CUNY

Bryant Mason
Media Relations Specialist, Bronx Community College, CUNY

Diane McNulty
Executive Drector, Corporate Communications, The New York Times

Hourig Messerlian
Deputy to the Secretary, CUNY Board of Trustees

John Mogulescu
Senior University Dean for Academic Affairs and Dean of the School for Professional Studies, CUNY

Nestor Montilla
Hostos Community College, CUNY

Nate Moore
Hostos Community College, CUNY

Jay Mwamba
The City College of New York, CUNY

Livia Nieves
Web Designer, CUNY

Felice Nudelman
Executive Director,Education, The New York Times

Francesca Okolie
student, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University.

Rene Ontal
Faculty Experts Service, Office of University Relations, CUNY

José Orengo
Executive Director for College Advancement, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Fred Price
Alumni Relations Director, Medgar Evers College, CUNY

Ed Rhodes
Campaign Officer, Marketing, Invest in CUNY Campaign Office

Eneida Rivas
College and Community Relations Office, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Samuel K. Roberts
Department of History, Columbia University

Rita Rodin
Senior Editor, Office of Communications and Marketing, CUNY

Neill Rosenfeld
Staff Writer, Office of Communications and Marketing, CUNY

Ruby Ryles
Director of Public Relations, Kingsborough Community College, CUNY

Frederick Schaffer
Senior Vice Chancellor for Legal Affairs and General Counsel, CUNY

Richard Sheinaus
Director of Graphic Design, Office of Communications and Marketing, CUNY

Daniel Shure
Managing Editor of CUNY.edu, Office of Communications and Marketing, CUNY

Patricia Splendore
Director of the Annual Fund and Alumni Affairs, Borough of Manhattan Community College, CUNY

Phyllis C. Stevens
Deputy Director, News Service, Office of Communications, Queens College, CUNY

Vanda Stevenson
Business Office/Accounting, LaGuardia Community College, CUNY

Shanequa Terry
Executive Assistant to the Senior Vice Chancellor for University Relations, CUNY

Jack [John Kuo Wei] Tchen, New York University

Ashleigh Thompson
Deputy to the University Dean for Health and Human Services Deputy Director, John F. Kennedy, Jr. Institute for Worker Education, CUNY

Stan Wolfson
Staff Photographer, Office of University Relations, CUNY

THIS PUBLICATION IS MADE POSSIBLE IN PART BY GRANTS FROM
THE MAYOR'S OFFICE OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK


Michael Bloomberg, Mayor

Patricia Harris, First Deputy Mayor

 THE COUNCIL OF THE CITY OF NEW YORK

Christine Quinn, Speaker
Domenic M. Recchia, Jr., Chair, Finance Committee
Ydanis Rodriguez, Chair, Higher Education Committee
James Van Bramer, Council Member

JPMORGAN CHASE

Jamie Dimon, Chairman and C.E.O.
Leonard Colica, Senior Vice President
Kimberly Davis, Senior Vice President
Michael Nevins, Senior Vice President
Timothy G. Noble, Senior Vice President
Kim Jasmin, Vice President

EMPIRE BLUECROSS BLUESHIELD

Mark Wagar, President and C.E.O.
Copyright © 2010 The City University of New York

The "Health in America" Web site and calendar did not involve the reporting or editing staff of The New York Times.
West Virginia Relief Administration Nutrition project had children wash their hands before lunch in Monongalia County, c. 1940.

All 50 states are represented in the c al endar c ourtesy of our c oll eag ues ac ross the nation and our national repositories.

Alabama
Timothy Pennycuff, University of Alabama at Birmingham

Alaska
Sandra Johnston, Alaska State Library

Arizona
Timothy W. Secomb, University of Arizona
Laurie Trotta, Herberger Institute MainStage Season at Arizona State University
Tim Trumble Photography Inc.

Arkansas
University of Arkansas Relations, Photo: Russell Cothren

California
Timothy W. Drescher
Sarah Erickson, California State University, Northridge
Joyce Ann Gilbert, California State University, Northridge
Cynthia Gomez, San Francisco State University
Debra Kain, University of California, San Diego Health Services
Corinna Kaarlela, University of California, San Francisco
Susan Merrell, University of California, San Francisco
Karmen Ovsepyan, California State University, Northridge
Jason Porth, San Francisco State University

Colorado
David M. Hays, University of Colorado, Boulder
Stephanie Hodges, University of Colorado, Boulder
Diane Lunde, Colorado State University
Linda Meyer, Colorado State University

Connecticut
Sierra Dixon, The Connecticut Historical Society
Nancy Finlay, The Connecticut Historical Society

Delaware
Kevin Martin, Hagley Museum and Library
Jon M. Williams, Hagley Museum and Library

District of Columbia
Michael Barnes, Smithsonian Institution
Mary Ilario, National Archives and Records Administration
Kenneth Johnson, Library of Congress
Michael Rhode, National Museum of Health and Medicine, AFIP
Kathleen Stocker, National Museum of Health and Medicine, AFIP
Jennifer Strobel, Smithsonian Institution
John P. Swann, U.S. Food and Drug Administration

Florida
Eric Clark, Florida State University
Michael Davidson, Florida State University
Adam Watson, State Library and Archives of Florida

Georgia
Images from the History of Medicine, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Hawaii
James F. Cartwright, University of Hawai‘i, Manoa

Idaho
Images from the History of Medicine, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Illinois
Jimmie J. Cecil, BlueCross and BlueShield Association
Laura J. Frigoletti, BlueCross and BlueShield Association
Jocelyn B. Hamlar, BlueCross and BlueShield Association
Jerry Williams, BlueCross and BlueShield Association
Library of Congress

Indiana
Indiana University Archives, Bloomington, Indiana
Shauna Borger, Purdue University Libraries, West Lafayette
Bindu Komavally, Purdue University

Iowa
Mark F. Anderson, University of Iowa Libraries
Adele S. Bonney, University of Iowa, College of Public Health
Debra Venzke, University of Iowa, College of Public Health
Craig Zwerling, University of Iowa

Kansas
Lisa Keys, Kansas State Historical Society
Nancy Sherbert, Kansas State Historical Society
Heather Wade, Emporia State University
Barry Worley, Kansas State Historical Society
Images from the History of Medicine, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Kentucky
Jackie Couture, Eastern Kentucky University
Carrie Daniels, University of Louisville
Debbie Whalen, Eastern Kentucky University
Doug Whitlock, Eastern Kentucky University
Marc Whitt, Eastern Kentucky University

Louisiana
Charlene Bonnette, State Library of Louisiana
AP Photos

Maine
Katherine Amoroso, Maine Historical Society
Dani Fazio, Maine Historical Society

Maryland
Larry DeWitt, U.S. Social Security Administration
Stefanie Knab, Light, Incorporated

Images from the History of Medicine, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Massachusetts
Jack Eckert, Francis A. Countway Library of Medicine

Michigan
Ed Busch, University Archives and Historical Collections, Michigan State University
Elizabeth Clemens, Walter P. Reuther Library, Wayne State University
Shannelle English, W.K. Kellogg Foundation
Karen Jania, University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library

Minnesota
Donna Gabaccia, University of Minnesota, Immigration History Research Center
Heather Lawton, Hennepin County Library
Cecily Marcus, University of Minnesota
Emily McKasy, Albinson Reprographics
Daniel Necas, University of Minnesota, Immigration History Research Center
Theresa Norman, Hennepin County Medical History Center
Jason Roy, University of Minnesota
Jennifer Torkelson, University of Minnesota

Mississippi
Library of Congress
Images from the History of Medicine, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Missouri
Philip Skroska, Washington University School of Medicine

Montana
Images from the History of Medicine, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Nebraska
Library of Congress

Nevada
Library of Congress

AP Photos
New Hampshire
Images from the History of Medicine, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

New Jersey
Library of Congress

New Mexico
Library of Congress
Rio Grande Historical Collections at the New Mexico State Library

New York
Karen Albright, Bristol-Myers Squibb
Jose E. Blanco, Columbia University Medical Center
Colleen Bradley-Saunders, New York University School of Medicine, Ehrman Medical Library
Robert Clark, Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum
Erika Gottfried, New York University, Tamiment Library/Robert F. Wagner Labor Archives
Courtney E. Greenhalgh, Crown Publishers
Joseph Hankin, Westchester Community College, SUNY
Thomas Lisanti, Rights and Reproduction Division, New York Public Library
Barbara Morley, Kheel Center for Labor-Management Documentation and Archives, Cornell University
Barbara Niss, Mount Sinai Medical Center Archives
Stephen E. Novak, Columbia University Medical Center
Arlene Shaner, New York Academy of Medicine
Elizabeth Shepard, Weill Medical Center, Cornell University
Michael Shulman, Magnum Photos
Scott Slobodzian, Bristol-Myers Squibb
Stan Wolfson, Office of University Relations, CUNY
North Carolina
Elizabeth Dunn, Duke University
Lynn Eaton, Duke University
Keith Longiotti, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Michael Millner, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill

North Dakota
Curt Hanson, University of North Dakota

Ohio
Bill Barrow, Cleveland State University
Airen Campbell-Olszewski, Ohio State University
Michelle Drobik, Ohio State University
Vern Morrison, Cleveland State University
Valerie Smith, Lorain Public Library

Oklahoma
Rachel Eikenbary, University of Oklahoma
Alexandra Shadid, University of Oklahoma
Library of Congress

Oregon
Sara Piasecki, Oregon Health and Science University

Pennsylvania
Paul Dzyak, Pennsylvania State University
Jackie Esposito, Pennsylvania State University
Miriam Meislik, Archives Service Center, University of Pittsburgh
Alex Miller, Drexel University
Joanne L. Murray, Drexel University

Rhode Island
Dave Lavallee, University of Rhode Island
Sarina Rodrigues Wyant, University of Rhode Island

South Carolina
Ashley Till, South Carolina State University

South Dakota
Images from the History of Medicine, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

Tennessee
Franklin D. Roosevelt Presidential Library and Museum, Hyde Park, New York

Texas
Aryn Frazier, University of Texas, Austin, Dolph Briscoe Center of American History

Utah
Environmental Protection Agency

Vermont
Chris Burns, University of Vermont

Virginia
Joan Echtenkamp Klein, University of Virginia, Claude Moore Health Sciences Library
Jeanne C. Pardee, University of Virginia Visual History Collection, Special Collections, University of  Virginia Library.

Washington
Nicolette Bromberg, University of Washington
Phyllis Little, People of Color Against AIDS Network, Seattle

West Virginia
Kevin Fredette, West Virginia University, West Virginia and Regional History Collection
Lori Hostuttler, West Virginia University, West Virginia and Regional History Collection
Catherine Rakowski, West Virginia University, West Virginia and Regional Historical Collection

Wisconsin
Jaslyn Gilbert, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh
Jaime Cegla Hunt, University of Wisconsin, Oshkosh

Wyoming
Keith Reynolds, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming
Analisa Marie Stephens, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming
Suzi Taylor, Wyoming State Archives
John Waggener, American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming