MILESTONES 2000s

November 10, 2001 Apple starts selling the iPod, a portable digital audio player that revolutionizes listening to music.

April 11 2003 The Human Genome Project is completed, identifying and mapping the approximately 20,000 to 25,000 genes of the human genome.

August 30, 2006 The California Senate passes the Global Warming Solutions Act, requiring a 25% reduction in carbon dioxide emissions by 2025 (or back to 1990 levels).

Pg7 pic 1Charles Adler Jr., inventor of the traffic light, tinkering with models
Pg7 pic 2Moving the Brighton Beach Hotel 100 feet from the Atlantic Ocean required six locomotives, over 10,000 ropes and nearly a ton of chains, 1888.
Pg7 pic 3George Sidney of Metro-Goldwyn- Mayer with film, cameras and lenses.

January 9, 2007 Steve Jobs of Apple introduces the iPhone at a technology conference in San Francisco, forever changing the way we communicate.

2009 Kodak announces the discontinuance of Kodachrome film.

July 3, 2012 Scientists at the multinational research center CERN, headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, announce that they have discovered a new subatomic particle (the Higgs Boson) that helps explain life in the universe.

August 15, 2012 NASA safely lands a one-ton robotic rover named Curiosity on Mars, over 150 million miles away from Earth.

Pg7 pic 4Governor DeWitt Clinton celebrates the opening of the Erie Canal in 1825.
Pg7 pic 5Dr. Daniel Hale Williams performed the first successful open-heart surgery, at Provident Hospital in Chicago, 1893.
Pg7 pic 6Wrought Iron Bridge Company, Canton, OH, c.1870.

August 17, 2012 IBM creates an efficient photovoltaic cell using materials abundant on Easrth (copper, zinc and tin).

August 30, 2012 The U.S. federal government finalizes an agreement with the 13 leading automobile makers to achieve an average of 54.5 miles per gallon fuel economy by the model year 2025.

Pg7 pic 7Aeroplane ambulance, c. 1918.
Pg7 pic 8Patent for telephone issued to Alexander Graham Bell, 1876.
Pg7 pic 9Bridge on Orange & Alexandria (Virginia) Railroad, as repaired by army engineers, 1865.

September 5, 2012 The Encyclopedia of DNA Elements (ENCODE), an immense federal project involving 440 scientists from 32 labs around the world, reveals how the non-gene parts of DNA, previously regarded as junk DNA, contribute to human diseases.

Pg7 pic 10Frank Oppenheimer and Bob Thornton examine cyclotron at Lawrence National Laboratory.